میثاق علم: این اے 1 اینڈ پی کے ون چھترار

چترال کے  سول سوسائیٹی کے نمائندگان ،سماجی ، سیاسی کارکنان ، اسٹوڈنٹس اور ماہرین تعلیم کا ایک اہم اجلاس چترال میں منعقد ہوا جس میں ضلع بھر میں تعلیمی صورتحال کا جائزہ لیا گیا

اجلاس کے شرکاء نے چترال میں تعلیمی مسائل کے حل کے لئے اپنے مطالبات پر مبنی ایک میثاق علم ترتیب دیا جس کے نکات مندرجہ ذیل ہے ۔

 پرائمری سکولوں کو 6اساتذہ ، 6  کلاس رومز اورایک اسٹاف  روم پر محیط کیا جائے، اس کے علاوہ پرائمری سکولوں میں بنیادی سہولیات جیسا کہ واش رومز، پینے کا صاف پانی ، بجلی اور ای سی ڈی سنٹرز کے قیام کو بھی یقینی بنایا جائے۔

امتحانات میں نقل کلچر کی وجہ سے نوجوان نسل میں مطالعے کا رجحان  ختم ہوتا جارہا ہے کم از کم تین سال کے اندر چترال بھر سے نقل کلچر کے مکمل خاتمے کے لئے لائحہ عمل تیار کیا جائے۔

 چترال کے سرکاری پرائمری سکولوں کو مڈل، مڈل سکولوں کو ہائی اور ہائی سکولوں کو ہائر سکنڈری سکولوں میں اپگریڈ کیا جائے۔

کوالٹی ایجوکشن کو یقینی بنانے کے لئے تعلیمی اداروں میں جدید سائنسی اور کمپوٹر لیب اور لائبریریز کا قیام عمل میں لایا جائےاور پریکٹیکل ایجوکیشن پر بھر پور توجہ دی جائے( سائنس ٹیچرز ، کمپوٹر انسٹرکٹرز کی تعیناتی اورلائبریریز کو فعال بنایا جائے)۔

کم ازکم ہر ویلج کونسل /نیبر ہڈ کونسل کی سطح پر پبلک لائبریریز کا قیام عمل میں لایا جائے تاکہ نوجوان نسل میں مطالعے کا کلچر فروع پاسکے ۔

 سرکاری سکولوں میں تعینات اساتذہ کے لئے پراپر ٹریننگ کا بندوبست کیا جائے تاکہ وہ دور جدید کے تعلیمی ضروریات اور اصولوں سے باخبر رہے۔

 تعلیمی اداروں میں نصابی سرگرمیوں کے ساتھ ساتھ صحت مند ہم نصابی سرگرمیوں کی بھر پور حوصلہ افزائی کی جائے ۔

چترال کی سطح پر کم از کم دو ٹیکنکل اینڈ ووکیشنل ٹریننگ سکولوں کے  قیام کو ترجیحات میں شامل کیا جائے (خصوصا نئی نسل میں بزنس اینڈ انٹرپرینورشپس ٹریننگ کا بندوبست ہو۔ کیونکہ مستقبل میں  اس خطے میں  سیاحت، ہائیڈرو پاور جنریشن  کی بہت بڑی پوٹینشل موجود ہے ساتھ ہی سی پیک روڈ کے علاقے سے گزرنے کی صورت میں یہ خطہ ایک بزنس مرکز

بننے جارہا ہے)۔

چترال کے کل تعلیمی اداروں میں سے صرف تیس فیصد  لڑکیوں کے سکولوں کی ہے جس کی وجہ سے خواتین کو تعلیمی اداروں تک آنے میں شدید مشکلات کا سامنا ہے ۔اس ریشو کو کم از کم پچاس فیصد تک لایا جائے۔

 سرکاری سکولوں میں ٹیچنگ اور نان ٹیچنگ اسٹاف کی خالی اسامیوں کو پر کیا جائے۔

 سکولوں میں اساتذہ کی حاضری کو یقینی بنانے کے لئے بائیومیٹرک سسٹم نافذ کی جائے۔

 نادار لیکن تعلیمی لحاظ سے قابل اسٹوڈنٹس کی تعلیمی کیرئیر کو جاری رکھنے کے لئے اسکالرشپس کا بندوبست کیا جائے۔

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Charter of Demands signed by Politicians to Reform Chitral schools

Chitral: Several politicians from various political parties gathered on Saturday at a political convention to discuss the failing state of education in District Chitral, analyse the five-year education plans of contesting candidates and probe reasonable solutions to ensure quality education across the government-run schools. The convention was organized by Alif Ailaan and Ishpata News, and attended by parents, youth activists and civil society members of Chitral.

Wazir Zada, Israr ud Din and Abdul Latif from Pakistan Tehreek e Insaaf, Molana Ejaz ur Rehman and Molana Abdul Haq from Muttahida Maajlis e Amal, Molana Siraj ud Din from Rahe-Haq party, and two independent candidates namely Haji Abdur Rehman and Ameer ullah participated in the political convention on education.

The district is soon going to become a commerce zone in near future via Wahkan corridor that connects Pakistan with Central Asia. Chitral’s declining standards in education raises questions about whether Chitral’s schools are equipped with the right tools to provide students with the necessary skills they would need in the future to sustain and protect Chitral’s environment and economy.

Chitral is ranked 46th nationally on Education Score that measures retention, learning and gender parity, as per Pakistan District Education Rankings 2017 released by Alif Ailaan. Analysis of the educational landscape in Chitral revealed that shortage of post primary schools, unavailability of basic school infrastructure and facilities and quality of education are the three most important factors contributing to failing education standards in Chitral.

78% of all schools in Chitral district are primary level which adversely impacts the number of students enrolled at higher levels. Due to lesser number of schools, enrolment drops as students move up the higher classes especially for girls, leading to drop-outs after Class 5. Gender disparity is also evident by the fact that only 30% of all schools in Chitral are for girls, leaving little opportunities for girls to study.

These factors have negatively contributed to poor learning outcomes of students and quality of education. More than 80% of grade 5 students cannot read a story in Pashto, Urdu and English let alone solving simple division questions of grade 2 standard. Any improvement that is sought in the learning outcomes of children has to be backed by hiring of subject specialist teachers immediately.

While speaking at the session, PTI candidates Wazir Zada, Israr ud Din and Abdul Lateef pledged to bring reforms in quality and learning outcomes of the students “by improving the syllabus based on international standards coupled with latest digital technology in classrooms”. Mr. Ameerullah focused on speeding up “teacher trainings and appointments of Subject Specialist teachers in the higher secondary schools”. MMA candidates Molana Ejaz ur Rehman and Molana Abdul Haq, said girls education would be their main priority in their upcoming term so that gender parity can be improved. Molana Sirajuddin pledged to focus on improving the primary level education, infrastructure and quality, if he wins the elections. Demands were also raised from the community members who want to see better opportunities of higher education in their area supported by scholarships. One community member pointed out the misallocation and underutilization of education budget and urged the candidates to make education their priority in the funds distribution when they come into power.

Towards the conclusion, all contesting candidates signed on a charter of demands for the constitutional provision of quality education for children of Chitral, and promised to deliver on the charter if elected during upcoming elections. The charter is backed by a host of organisations, parents and community members in Chitral.

Rights defenders worried over threats to existence of Kalash

By Ikram Junaudi and photos courtesy: Ishpata News

ISLAMABAD: Representatives of the Kalash community, human rights activists and elected public representatives on Thursday highlighted threats to the existence of the pagan tribe living in three small valleys in the southwest of Chitral.
They also stressed the need for the state to take remedial measures to protect the Kalash from being annihilated by conversion and cultural invasions.
They were speaking at a seminar titled “Consultation on challenges for the Kalash community: the way forward” organised by the Human Rights Commission of Pakistan (HRCP).
Speaking on the occasion, Gul Nazar from the Kalash valley said they are facing serious threats to change its religion.
“Our land is being occupied and names of local places being changed. However, the media is portraying only our dances rather than highlighting our problems.”
Ms Gul demanded that the Kalash area should be included in the World Heritage List in order to protect it.
“Development work should be carried out in the area and basic facilities such as healthcare and education should be provided to the Kalash community. Doctors come to the Kalash valleys during the summer season and go back as soon as the tourism season ends. The syllabus of education should be in the local language,” she said.
“Kalash people are not aware of their rights. On the other hand, people from other areas are occupying their land. Dozens of Kalash people have been forced to change their religion. We have been trying to protect our graveyards as people even steal the bones of our deceased,” she alleged.
Ms Gul, who also looks after a Kalash museum, said the museum had information about the Kalash people but around three dozen officials of the elite force are now deputed there due to which tourists were facing problems.
“When we approached the police officer of the area to address the issue, he said we cannot teach him archaeology and he could not teach us about security measures. So we had no option but to close the museum,” she said.
Luke Rehmat, another representative of the community, said the Kalasha religion was divided into pure and impure.
“Men cannot go to places where children are born and those who go to the delivery places cannot enter the respective village but tourists violate all these restrictions due to which the community suffers mentally as there are a number of stories (superstitions) associated with it,” he said.
“Our religious ways are being blocked and names of our places are being replaced with Muslim names such as Qaziabad and Ahmedabad,” he said.
Ali Ahmad Jan, the director of a civil society organisation, Sustainable Solution, said outsiders should not have the right to purchase land in the Kalash valleys like people of Pakistan cannot purchase land in Kashmir.
“Some religious groups have been working in the Kalash valleys and forcing people to convert to Islam. Once a Kalash person accepts Islam, they are not allowed to wear the traditional Kalash dress and even are suggested not speaking the local language. There are also some religious scholars who say every Muslim should convince six non-Muslims to accept Islam. As a result, forced conversions are on the rise in the Kalash valleys,” he said.
HRCP member Nasreen Azhar, who chaired the event, said the Kalash community land was being occupied by outsiders and a large number of constructions were underway in the area.
“People from other areas also go there to build restaurants. There is a need to look into all these issues,” she said.

Senator Farhatullah Babar said the Kalash community should move their case with the parliamentary committee for the marginalised people. He said every person had the right to live and practice their religion in Pakistan.


Member National Assembly (MNA) Shahzada Iftikharuddin from Chitral, where the Kalash valleys are located, said there were severe security challenges in the area and the state had to fulfill its responsibility.-Published in Dawn on May 26, 2017

Do You Know about the Kalasha Spring Festival

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The Kalasha spring Festival known as Zhoshi by the Kalash Themselve and Chilimjusht by the local people, with its all colors and glory will commence from 13th and last until 16th May. Since it’s the most colorful festival of the Kalash people, thousands of national and international tourists come to attend it, creating for themselves, lifetime memories in the united valleys of Kalash. The unique group dance of the Kalash people, coupled with the bewitching scenery of the valleys, is the real essence of the festival which is worth seeing. People, who long to know the important but hidden facts about the smallest community of the earth, would ever love to join the festival.

This is not a mere gathering of people, but rather embodies the outstanding and unparallel peace, unknown to the world, surrounds us there. This festival also give us an opportunity to see how these few people remained true to their ancestors and preserved the great heritage which they received from their forefathers in the shape of culture. This festival is unique in its nature and has no other examples in this big world.

A relic that was dancing in ancient era

♦ Ishpata Discovery Special Edition

Kalashadesh: Sutri (golden relic) has been discovered in Kalasha valley Mumuret, according to the owner of the antique it was transferred to the family from forefathers.

The Sutri is owned by a Kalasha Bazikhe family at Sarikjaw village in Mumuret, Ishpata News team approached the family to know about it and its history.
Talking with Ishpata News Mr. Nasir Bazik shared an interesting history of the relic;

‘’My grandfather was telling me about the Sutri, it was dancing, when a flat stone gives light in the shed and a golden flat plate was drumming and it was the Sutri dancing around like snake and making sounds’’ Mr. Nasir said that ‘’the Sutri was full of small bells that were making sounds, these small bells are used in head dresses of women and on belt of boys and girls during Gosnik (Cawmos, the winter solstice) ceremony of Kalasha community. Gosnik is very special ceremony for children under the age of eight years and a child becomes member of Kalasha community, and customary laws then obligations on him/her such as funeral rituals and restrictions on the basis of pure and impure’’

When approached Kasom Baig hundred years old man living in Kalasha valley Mumuret, he narrated the history of Sutri in this way “Fifteen generations ago there was a man called Shalak S’ai, and the Mehtar (Prince) of Chitral requested him to join his solders to fight in Afghanistan, the king was in view that when a Kalasha solder starts work, they use to be successful, the prince gave him protection kits along sword and asked him to lead the army, the man Shalak S’ai reached the destination and entered the palace, and a man attacked on him, but when he hit his head, the sword became damaged, and Shalak S’ai finished him on the spot’’

After defeated the palace and king there, they solders took different precious things found inside the palace, but the man Shalak S’ai took two things one was shield and the other thing was Sutri, he brought these two things to the valleys and kept in shed. After eleventh generation in his family, one of his family member called Hakim was alleged for murdering a man across the border, the Hakim was poor man and he was didn’t aware of any such activities, he decided to approached the prince of Chitral with his plea and told the prince of Chitral that ‘’ I am a poor man and I didn’t murdered anyone across the border’’
The Prince then gave him a letter and asked him to go across the border to meet the people at Wetdesh Mahadew Han (The temple which is famous in folk tales of Kalasha people’s).

After few week the man travelled through the mountain of Kalashadesh to reach the destination and meet the people there to discuss his innocent and clear position about the allegations.
When he discussed his miseries with the people over there, the notables of Wetdesh gave him a flat stone and urged him to keep it safe, and you will be wealthy and your miseries will be end.
He returned to home in Kalashadesh and kept the stone in shed, he shocked! When saw the stone was glittering at night. There were three precious things in the family Hakim one was Sutri, precious stone and the other was golden plate.The family was surprised and experienced something very extraordinary, when there was death somewhere in the valleys, before it happens the Sutri was dancing and making sounds, the golden plate was drumming and precious stone was glittering.

This unusual happening was disturbed the family and they were in fear and finally one day the son of Hakim called Pharamus went down the shed and hits the Sutri with axes and damaged some parts of it. Then the strange happening disappeared onward.

Mr. Nasir is interested to start an online bid for the relic and sometime soon the relic bid could be kick start on www.kalashproducts.com
Stay alert!

Celebrated Kalasha activist Maureen Lines passes away

 

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PESHAWAR: Celebrated British social worker and environmentalist Maureen P. Lines, known for her work on the Kalasha people, passed away in Peshawar on Saturday. She was 79.

Born in 1937 in England, Ms Lines first visited Pakistan in 1980. She lived among the Kalasha, learning their language and ways. Her love for them braved all odds and she was a recipient of the Tamgha-i-Imtiaz (Pakistan’s civil medal award) for extraordinary services rendered in the preservation and promotion of Kalasha culture.

She studied international affairs at the New York University (NYU) and journalism at the New School for Social Research (NSSR) in New York.

She was earlier trained as an ambulatory emergency technician in the US and worked as a ‘barefoot doctor’ going door-to-door providing medicine to the Kalasha people.

Ms Lines was the founder of the Kalasha Environmental Protection Society and the Hindukush Conservation Association. She was also a columnist for Dawn, and The Friday Times, and author of several books, including Beyond the North-West Frontier, A Guide to the Kalasha People, and The Kalasha of the Hindu Kush. Her last publication is a pictorial coffee-table book that captures rare glimpses of everyday life of the Kalasha who are fighting for their cultural survival amid growing commercialisation and modernity as the dwellers of the last mountain enclave of pagan tribal people in one of the remotest parts of Pakistan.

Ms Lines was an extraordinary and inspirational figure who had devoted her life to the service of others. She had recently adopted some Kalasha orphan children who she had desired to educate at schools in Peshawar. After her passing, many of her ongoing projects and beneficiaries of her welfare schemes face an uncertain future.

She was laid to rest at the Peshawar Christian Cemetery and Father Joseph conducted the funeral service in which several of her friends and admirers participated.

Ejaz Rahim, one of her friends, said she was a great human being who knew how to fight for the underprivileged. “She gave all her energy and resources to those she cared for. I count her among the heroes of this land. I last saw her some months ago when I visited her to inquire about her health. Her body was indeed failing but her spirit was as bright as ever. The news of her passing has saddened me, although I believe she has gone to a well-deserved rest,” he said.

Sirajul Mulk from the royal family of Chitral was all praise for Ms Lines. He recalled that she had given up the UK for Pakistan and had gone through an endless struggle to get herself a Pakistani passport. “She then took it upon herself to save the environment of our country from getting spoiled by the hands of our own people,” Mr Mulk said. He said her prolonged ill health had not prevented her from slowing down the struggle that she had waged for a better Pakistan. “Her demise will be a loss for Peshawar and particularly for Chitral and more so for the Kalasha valleys. What a great fighter she was. Rest in peace, dear Maureen. God in heaven will certainly reward you for what you have done on earth,” Mr Mulk said.

Published in Dawn, March 19th, 2017